Her father was a well-respected lawyer and judge; her mother was the daughter of a prominent lawyer. Around this time, André had been negotiating with disillusioned American General Benedict Arnold. Two younger brothers died during childhood, leaving Peggy as the youngest in the family. He also asserted that, as a prisoner of war, he had the right to escape in civilian clothes. "Gentlemen," he said, "I hope you belong to our party." Some hours later, Washington received the explanatory information from Maj. Tallmadge and immediately sent men to arrest Arnold, but it was too late. Their friendship became the foundation for the treason for which Peggy’s husband, Benedict Arnold, became infamous. She rarely appears in public with André and once said in an interview that she doesn't want to be defined by her husband. He was a great favorite in colonial society, both in Philadelphia and New York, during those cities' occupation by the British Army. On the morning of 22 September, the two American patriots, Peterson and Sherwood launched a two-hour cannonade on the Vulture, which sustained many hits and was forced to retire down river. Colonel J.L. He was 38; she was 18. When his British contact, Major John André, was captured by the Americans, Arnold escaped on a British ship, leaving André to be hanged as a spy. They picked up André and placed him on shore. Soon after her husband’s defection, Peggy went to live with her family in Philadelphia, but was soon banned from the city. Her husband, John Andretti, was the older brother of racer Adam Andretti, nephew of Indianapolis 500 winner Mario Andretti, and first cousin to IndyCar champion Jeff Andretti, and Michael Andretti. The sacrifice of André made Arnold odious to loyalists, and his reputation was further tarnished among his former neighbours when he led a raid on New London, Connecticut, in September 1781. The note gave Arnold time to escape to the British. He is an actor and producer, known for Homicide: Life on the Street (1993), Frequency (2000) and The Mist (2007). John Andre was born in London in 1750 to French Protestant (Huguenot) parents. John Andretti, the retired NASCAR and IndyCar driver, has died at the age of 56. – from a letter written by Washington to Colonel. [11] André testified at his trial that the men searched his boots for the purpose of robbing him. André was born on 2 May 1750 in London to wealthy Huguenot parents Antoine André, a merchant from Geneva, Switzerland, and Marie Louise Girardot from Paris, France. To aid André's escape through U.S. lines, Arnold provided him with civilian clothes and a passport which allowed him to travel under the name John Anderson. He was fluent in English, French, German, and Italian. Major John Andre’s mysterious white braid. He was a frequent guest star on Little House on the Prairie. It was a month after their marriage that Benedict embarked on his career as a traitor to the Continental army. Peggy married Benedict, a widower with three children, on April 8, 1779. John André (2 May 1751 – 2 October 1780) was a major in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. – 2 October 1780) was a major in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. Tallmadge had been a classmate of Nathan Hale while both were at Yale, and he described the capture of Hale. An hour or so later, Washington arrived at West Point with his party and was disturbed to see the stronghold's fortifications in such neglect, part of the plan to weaken West Point's defenses. Despite Arnold's assurances, the two oarsmen sensed that something was wrong. Ships from and sold by sweethomeliquid2. [15]Sargent, The life and career of Major John André, 400. Grey's descendants returned Franklin's portrait to the United States in 1906, the bicentennial of Franklin's birth. At age 20, he entered the British Army and joined the 7th of Foot (Royal Fusileers) in British Canada in 1774 as a lieutenant. He first learned to use on-the-ground information from Native Americans and deserting French soldiers during the French and Indian War. He has been married to Ami Brabson since December 28, 1991. 2, 1780) was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolution.In 1779, he assumed oversight of secret intelligence for the British army and opened contact with American traitor Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold.Andre was later captured, convicted, and hanged as … But when André was captured (and executed), Benedict’s treason was uncovered. Only Paulding could read and Arnold was not initially suspected. Instantly recovering his composure, he said, "I am reconciled to my death, but I detest the mode." On Oct. 2, 1780, British intelligence officer John Andre met his awful fate with courage, much as his American counterpart Nathan Hale met his four years earlier. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The other son John married Louise Vazeille and had seven children. He was renowned for his victory over British ships of war off the east coast of England. The trial lasted four weeks and ended in acquittal for lack of evidence. She met Arnold during his tenure as military commander of the city following the British withdrawal in 1778. [28], British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, Head of British Secret Service in America, NOTE: The capture occurred in the area of present day, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis, Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War, "Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency", "Commemorating the Defense of Teller's Point", Local History: British Agent Detained in Tarrytown, Executed in Rockland, "Benedict Arnold, John André, and His Three Yeoman Captors: A Sentimental Journey or American Virtue Defined", "The Capture of Major John André" by A.C. Warren (1856), Letters from André, including coded interchange between André and Arnold, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_André&oldid=992199854, 18th-century executions by the United States, 18th-century executions by New York (state), British Army personnel of the American Revolutionary War, British military personnel killed in the American Revolutionary War, British spies during the American Revolution, Huguenot participants in the American Revolution, People executed by the United States military by hanging, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "He was more unfortunate than criminal." Most recent historians believe that Peggy was at the very least complicit in her husband’s treason. Perhaps the most notable liaison of Peggy’s teenage years was the one she had with Major John André, a British officer who, like her, seemed to break hearts wherever he went. During his confinement and trial, he exhibited those proud and elevated sensibilities which designate greatness and dignity of mind. None of these men knew Arnold's purpose or suspected his treason; all were told that the purpose was to do good for the patriot cause. On the day of his capture, James Rivington published André's poem "The Cow Chase" in his gazette in New York. Sent to America in 1774, André became chief intelligence officer to the British commander in chief, General Sir Henry Clinton, in New York City. Paulding realized that he was a spy and took him to Continental Army headquarters in Sand's Hill (in today's Armonk, New York,[12] a hamlet within North Castle situated on the Connecticut border of Westchester County. Among her ancestors were two mayors of Philadelphia. All were honoured in the names of counties in Ohio, and in 1853 a monument was erected to their memory on the place where they captured André. André asked whether Tallmadge thought the situations similar; he replied, "Yes, precisely similar, and similar shall be your fate," referring to Hale having been hanged by the British as a spy.[14]. [1] He was educated at St Paul's School, Westminster School, and in Geneva. For Andre died on the gallows as a spy, though he probably would have avoided that fate had the British spared Hale. In December 1776, he was freed in a prisoner exchange. Major John Andre (May 2, 1750–Oct. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[27]. During his nearly nine months in Philadelphia, André occupied Benjamin Franklin's house, from which it has been claimed that he removed several valuable items on the orders of Major-General Charles Grey when the British left Philadelphia, including an oil portrait of Franklin by Benjamin Wilson. But Major Benjamin Tallmadge, head of Continental Army Intelligence, arrived, and persuaded Jameson to bring the prisoner back. Peggy’s response was to have what appeared to be a breakdown. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. He had a lively and pleasant manner and could draw, paint, and create silhouettes, as well as sing and write verse. When the British took control of Philadelphia in 1777, Peggy met John André, a charming, well-educated British officer. "[15], Glover was officer of the day at André's execution. André went up the Hudson River on the British sloop-of-war Vulture on Wednesday, 20 September 1780 to visit Arnold. He was then caught by three American freelance soldiers just a few miles from British-held New York City, New York. John André (2 May 1751[1][unreliable source?] John André (May 2, 1750 – October 2, 1780) was a British army officer hanged as a spy during the American Revolutionary War. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/peggy-shippen. While a prisoner, he endeared himself to American officers who lamented his death as much as the British. Richard Henry Lee was an American statesman from Virginia who made the motion, known as the Lee Resolution, for independence from Great Britain. said an officer by his side. At first, all went well for André since post commandant Lieutenant Colonel John Jameson decided to send him to Arnold, never suspecting that a high-ranking hero of the Revolution could be a turncoat. He bore six papers hidden in his stocking, written in Arnold's hand, that showed the British how to take the fort. The presence of the warship was discovered by two American privates, John Peterson and Moses Sherwood the following morning on September 21. William had ten children and t… While many pleaded that André be spared, including American officers such as Alexander Hamilton, George Washington chose to carry out the execution. Shippen also introduces Arnold to the enemy. He also wrote many comic verses. When France entered war in June 1778, André left Philadelphia with his fellow troops. He attended school in Geneva, returning to London in 1767, two years before his father died. His breakfast being sent to him from the table of General Washington, which had been done every day of his confinement, he partook of it as usual, and having shaved and dressed himself, he placed his hat upon the table, and cheerfully said to the guard officers, "I am ready at any moment, gentlemen, to wait on you." André offered them his horse and watch, if they would let him go, but they declined. He planned the Mischianza when General Howe, Clinton's precursor, resigned and was about to return to England. Major André walked from the stone house, in which he had been confined, between two of our subaltern officers, arm in arm; the eyes of the immense multitude were fixed on him, who, rising superior to the fears of death, appeared as if conscious of the dignified deportment which he displayed. He passed along news of how many troops were stationed at the fort and when defenses might be weakest. The brothers finally agreed to row after threats by Arnold to arrest them. 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