Once you have learnt it, you will notice a significant improvement in your Russian. - Потом ехать автобусом километров двести. In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. Russian grammar: Instrumental case, Russian prepositions. This is one of the most common roles of the instrumental case and can be used with singular nouns depicting a single moment in time, such as "in the morning" or "late Sunday afternoon," as well as with plural nouns that describe a lasting and repeating action in time. Participation or involvement. It is used to explain how something is done. Participation or involvement. Thu 20th Jul 2017. Most feminine foreign names and all foreign names ending in a vowel are not declined: The instrumental case is one of the six grammatical cases in Russian. When adjectives, the words in the instrumental case are used with the meaning of the restriction of the specified feature. The instrumental case is used to illustrate the concepts of 'with' and 'by means of'. 2. [FOREIGN] Hobbies and … The instrumental case gets its name from the instrumental function that it performs. Today we will have a look at the personal pronouns in the Instrumental case. Updated November 03, 2019 The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. Russian Instrumental Case. As you can see, the Instrumental Case is very useful. Cases can be ranked in the following hierarchy, where a language that does not have a given case will tend not to have any cases to the right of the missing case:: p.89 nominative → accusative or ergative → genitive → dative → locative or prepositional → ablative and/or instrumental → others . In Russian, we use the instrumental case to describe company, the means of doing something, or additions. Welcome to the final lesson about Russian cases. The Instrumental case endings for hard stem masculine and neuter nouns is -ом (братом, молоком). The endings aren’t that difficult. Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Instrumental and Prepositional: Like German and some other languages, Russian has something called cases, basically they’re changes that occur to nouns and their endings, to show what role they’re playing in a sentence. [FOREIGN] Occupation or major. The phrase "if stressed" in this case, means if the end of the word is stressed. Using the Instrumental Case Instrumental Case In Practice | Russian Cases. What Is Nominalization in English Grammar? The instrumental case is used to describe a noun as an instrument. If the ending is stressed -ем becomes -ём.. дом -----> домом. словарь -----> словарём. The trajectory function is also used when describing traveling by a form of transport. The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners, Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary, Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order. The instrumental case is called so because it is used to describe the instrument by which and action is performed. To make the Instrumental Case easy to learn, I will divide this lesson into 4 parts: 1) First, you will learn how nouns change in the Instrumental Case; 1. In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. It typically denotes an object as being the means by which some action is carried out (e.g., I ate with a fork). Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Instrumental and Prepositional: Like German and some other languages, Russian has something called cases, basically they’re changes that occur to nouns and their endings, to show what role they’re playing in a sentence. (plan byl priDOOmal i priveDYON v ispalNYEniye saMEEM SAshey)- The plan was designed and executed by Sasha himself. (PEES'ma prihaDEEli SRAzoo PACHkami)- The letters were coming in packs. Languages that use the instrumental case include Armenian, Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Dyirbal, Georgian, Latvian, Slovene, Polish, Quechua, Russian, Assamese, Turkish and Sanskrit. Here you can find the general explanation and the prepositions used with the Instrumental case. Blog. In English, words “with” or “by” are used to express that. Today let’s learn how the possessive pronouns change in the Instrumental case: Note that the nouns are always in plural when used this way. - Он резал хлеб ножом. Instrumental case. Every tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions. There are several prepositions that follow the instrumental case: c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). Did you know that when we use the Instrumental case in the meaning of instrument or tool, we do not use a preposition (in these cases, the prepositions “with” or “by” are used n English)? In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. Instrumental is the 5th case in the Russian language – кем? The instrumental case. This function is used with a number of verbs that contain some kind of information on owning or managing the noun. In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. Here are some of the instances when you can use the instrumental case: When an action is performed with a tool or an instrument, the instrumental case can be used. The Russian language case system is fairly simple to learn, but there are several features. The instrumental case is traditionally taught as the fourth case in Russian. PLAY (Case where the noun is the Subject) (Nominative case - Subject of a sentence - "I love her" with "I" as the subject. Translation for 'instrumental case' in the free English-Russian dictionary and many other Russian translations. The instrumental case. The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. [inaudible] Let's revise how endings change in the instrumental case in words of feminine or masculine gender. The instrumental case is a type of grammatical case. The word "pen" was transformed from the Nominative (Nom.) - Он пулей вылетел из кабинета и побежал по коридору. To indicate an instrument to carry out the action. Take a look at some good examples in the poster. To make things easier, I will divide this lesson into 3 parts: 1) Plural Nouns in the Instrumental Case; 2) Plural Adjectives in the Instrumental Case; 3) Plural Possessive Pronouns in the Instrumental Case. Russian grammar - The Instrumental Case. The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs - A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs. 9+ In this lesson, we start learning the Instrumental case. To make the Instrumental Case easy to learn, I will divide this lesson into 4 parts: 1) First, you will learn how nouns change in the Instrumental Case; Instrumental case or in Russian. The instrumental case is a set of word forms which usually mark the means of the action, like the English preposition "with" in phrase "he is writing with a pen". For example, The instrumental case is traditionally taught as the fourth case in Russian. - Ночами она читала всё, что попадалось под руку. The instrument can be a person, thing or any other object.. We are going to discuss them in the following article. by: Be Fluent in Russian. The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best course in a book. This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Example: The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is -ым (-им). Russian Cases – Instrumental. It is used to explain how something is done. The basic function of the instrumental is to indicate the means by which an action is carried out. An overview of endings for nouns in the instrumental case, with attention to a few important irregular forms. This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. - Воду таскали вёдрами. In Russian the words that express the presence of the quality of an object are used in the Instrumental case: Девушка с голубыми глазами (The lady with blue eyes). There aren't very many exceptions and the word endings are quite predictable. It answers the questions - Кем? 3. When speaking about someone's profession in Russian, we use the instrumental case in the following patterns. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). You can guess its function from its name—it’s mostly used to denote the instrument with the help of which an action is performed. Russian Instrumental Case (With, By) In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. With parts of the day and seasons of the yearin … Nouns with this ending change are part of the instrumental case. "ручкой".. Otherwise replace with "ями", Exceptions: дочь - дочерьми (daughters), ребёнок - детьми (children), человек - людьми (people). 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