Also important in th… There are different religions today because there are different value systems around the world—the ways in which people think they are going to become happy. Climate 4. Define localization and name at least three items that might be included as part of a localization effort. Although religious practices and cultural assumptions remain strongly in place, fewer people in the West today profess a religion than in the past. The core of Christianity, for instance, does not change, but its emphasis in any given period does. Scholars are also aware that these definitions are not static. Until 1975 Buddhism was officially recognized as the state religion of Cambodia. Still, a global ethical demeanor requires that we be as conscious as possible as to what constitutes courtesy wherever we find ourselves conducting business. Religion is an essential element of the human condition. Social Stratification: Definition, Theories & Examples, Emile Durkheim's Theories: Functionalism, Anomie and Division of Labor, Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media, Introduction to World Religions: Help and Review, SAT Subject Test World History: Practice and Study Guide, UExcel Introduction to Music: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Music: Certificate Program, Introduction to Humanities: Help and Review, DSST Introduction to World Religions: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to World Religions: Certificate Program, Introduction to Humanities: Certificate Program, Humanities Survey for Teachers: Professional Development, History of Major World Religions Study Guide, Introduction to Textiles & the Textile Industry, Biological and Biomedical And some cultures do not measure the passage of time at all. Localization is the process of adapting a product for use or sale in other nations and cultures. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Cultural Diversity = Religious Diversity? Global relationships teach us to be sensitive not just to other languages and customs but also to other people’s worldviews. Fish might be a major part of their diet. Natural Resources. Join now. The Christians separate material and spiritual lives; you are allowed to accept God in private life, while you practice democracy and capitalism in social life. Why or why not? The Enlightenment’s attempt to peel religion away from ethics was short-lived, with even Kant acknowledging the need to base morality on something beyond the rationalism of his time. How could language or religion influence the diffusion of the other? Employers have the right to establish a dress code and expect employees to abide by it. True or false? Geography affects a business’s relationship with almost any type of stakeholder, from stockholders and employees to customers, the government, and the environment. Motions of the Earth 2. In the modern era, the ease of travel and communication makes it possible for even religious traditions associated with specific regions to spread far beyond their borders, as has been the case with Tibetan Buddhism (which is now under threat in Tibet itself). The richest person of his age, Rockefeller earned his fortune as the founder and major shareholder of Standard Oil but always regarded his billions as a public trust rather than his personal prize. All of this speaks to the awareness and cultural sensitivity that must be exhibited by an ethical manager doing business in a region different from his or her own. Or perhaps fast with her team and eat at sundown? It can affect the same culture in different ways at different times. Certain mistakes, particularly accidental ones and those not motivated by malicious design, will likely be forgiven. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. One very prominent discursive tension is apparent in almost any religion, and that is the constant drive towards purity. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, Describe the impact of geography on global relationships and business ethics, Explain how religion informs ethical business practice around the world. What should she do for lunch? The nomadic inhabitants of North Africa known as the Tuareg sit down to tea before discussing any business, and as a rule, the longer the time spent in preliminary conversation, the better. Hence the growing importance of localization, the process of adapting a product for non-native environments and languages, especially other nations and cultures. Jillian has never fasted and believes the practice can be harmful over prolonged periods, especially in the heat of summer. In making his fortune, he pursued markedly Darwinian practices revealing a conviction in survival of the fittest. Places along the coast may have an oceangoing culture. GEOGRAPHY Language and religion – Cultural diffusion is the spreading of cultural traits from one group or place to another. He financed the founding of the University of Chicago as an institution that would train students to pursue their professional and business interests under the guidance of Christian faith. Jillian Armstrong leads an external audit team reviewing the financial statements of Islamabad Investment Bank in Islamabad, Pakistan. hamzaabubacar25 hamzaabubacar25 22.10.2020 Religion Senior High School Geography and culture affects religion because 1 A Tuareg proverb has it that the first cup of tea is bitter like life, the second sweet like love, and the third gentle like death. relationship of every individual to the spiritual things they have regarded as holy and worthy of their highest reverence Compare this with the Western attitude that “time flies” and “time is money.” Finally, Westerners doing business in some English-speaking African countries have learned that if they want something immediately, they have to say “now now” as “now” by itself does not convey the desired sense of immediacy. or else why had He lavished such bounty on him?”. This might include language translation, adapting content to the tastes and consumption habits of the local market, and converting measurements. Some ways that religion affects culture are that it inspires great works of art and architecture and that it often defines socially acceptable behavior in countries strongly influenced by it. His message was religious, not commercial, but his respectful attitude allowed him to be accepted and trusted by the emperor and administrators. Motions of the Earth: Our behaviour-patterns, daily work-schedules as well as festivals and […] Religious structures - such as places of worship, and other sacred sites - dominate many landscapes. To put it in economic terms, all cultures share the resource of time, but they measure and use that resource very differently. Business attire is another, as is humor, which is notoriously hard to translate across languages and cultures. One element of business culture you may not realize is based on local custom and culture is the notion of time. 1. Next: Are the Values Central to Business Ethics Universal? The Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci (1552–1610) learned Mandarin, adopted Chinese dress, translated Confucian texts into Latin, and was welcomed into the Chinese emperor’s court as a scholar. In judging something as easy or difficult, our attitude and our motivation levels play a key role. For example, the Italian subito and the German sofort both refer to something happening “at once” or “straightaway,” but with different expectations about when the action, in fact, will take place. Monasteries became the repositories of civilization, learning, and often wealth. Religion is also studied within cultural geography, which studies how cultural processes spread. Of course, Rockefeller’s concept of stewardship—an attitude toward money and capital that stresses care and responsibility rather than pure utility—can be found across cultures and religions in various forms, and there are many similarities among the Judaic, Islamic, and Christian views of money and its use toward a greater end. Cambodia - Cambodia - Religion: Most ethnic Khmer are Theravada (Hinayana) Buddhists (i.e., belonging to the older and more traditional of the two great schools of Buddhism, the other school being Mahayana). Might we see a universal, secular code of ethics developing in place of religion? Religion and Beliefs . No one was more convinced of the link between religious faith and success in business than Rockefeller, who clung to his Baptist faith from his early years until his death in 1937. And, of course, miscommunications can occur not just across regional boundaries and business cultures but even within them. Why are these standards important (or not) from an ethical perspective? Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal People tend to follow rules for marriage, work, business, death and other aspects of life. In July 2018 Mothercare PLC announced to the... What pyramid did Imhotep build in ancient... How did transcendentalism unite American... What is the difference between dark romanticism... What is the significance of transcendentalism in... What were the common themes associated with... Why did transcendentalism develop after... How did transcendentalism affect American... How did transcendentalism start in literature? Religion continues to be a forceful influence on ethical systems. Religion dominates the lives and behavior of … The Relationship Between Geography and Religion It can be clearly sensed by the influence of religion shaping our world, being understood by what inhabits it. Religious Influence in Society. Of the forces shaping the geography of culture, language and religion are two of the most powerful, but as a divisive force religion plays a more prominent role. Like language, religion confers identity. Lying on the constantly active geologic border between North America and Europe, Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of climate, geography, and culture. . Despite criticism, even from family members, Rockefeller donated enormous sums to many causes, especially medical research (in the form of Rockefeller University) and higher education. As global markets become increasingly connected and interdependent, we navigate more of our valued relationships across international boundaries. In the premodern era, very few people moved far from where they grew up, which meant that they were not exposed to cultures (including religions) that were very different from their own. It is Ramadan, and the employees on her team are Muslims who fast each day for a month. Services, What Is Religion? Religious traditions - Hindu ritual bathing in the Ganges, for example - leave their mark on the physical appearance of an area. Learn more about Ricci’s approach and the relationship between Western and Ming Chinese views of ethics on this webpage. business success during the Industrial Revolution. Factor # 1. Are the two concepts inextricably linked? How Geography Affects Religion? And How Religion Affects Culture? Consider, for example, that in the United States, we might speak of “a New York minute,” “the nick of time,” “the eleventh hour,” and so on. • Religion regions overlap both ethnic and language regions. In its study of leadership effectiveness and organizational behavior across cultures, the GLOBE leadership project of the Beedie School of Business at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, found leader effectiveness is contextual and strongly connected to cultural and organizational values. These differences might significantly affect the foundation of any business relationships you may want to establish around the world. This leads to a systematic behavior by all the people in the society. This cooperation was evident during the era of mercantilism when the issue of personhood, or the privilege of having the freedom and capacity to make decisions and act morally, was hotly debated in the context of slavery, a practice that had been going on for centuries in the Christian West and the Islamic East. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Many ethnic Portuguese dishes use fish. This can be a matter of managing expectations. In other words, business has a role beyond merely reflecting the culture in which it operates. At one point in the film, De Niro’s character asks, “Doesn’t anybody tuck in their shirt?” Leaving your shirt untucked has become more acceptable in recent years, and the black t-shirt and jeans favored in Silicon Valley are now quite fashionable in some business environments. How does religion help and/or hurt society? Mithraism, for example, was spread throughout the Roman world by soldiers who often had to serve in areas far from their places of birth; while Islam spread through military conquest (as in Spain and the Balkans), or through trade (as in Indonesia). A huge factor in different cultures is different religions. In perceiving something as good or bad, our biases play a role and so does our way of thinking. 2. An early 20th-century philosopher spoke of the impending decline of the West. (credit left: modification of “Taj Mahal” by Suraj rajiv/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 4.0; credit right: modification of “Cour de Marbre du Château de Versailles October 5, 2011” by Kimberly Vardeman/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0), Ricci’s approach and the relationship between Western and Ming Chinese views of ethics, episode of “American Experience” on John D. Rockefeller, Sr. from the Public Broadcasting System. In fact, the Protestant work ethic, religion, and a commitment to hard work all are intertwined in the business history of both these countries. Conduct negotiations religious structures - such as places of worship, and how far should go... Can differ and space are just two examples of cultural characteristics that you may realize. Such as places of worship, and these are disconnected – cultural diffusion is the process of adapting product. Threat of eternal damnation look at religion with the social, political how religion influence the geography and culture often. 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