This invasive grass colonizes by wind dispersed seeds. Tag: Chinese Silver Grass. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? (45 cm) long, slender, and upright to arching, with sharp tips and rough margins. County Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA. 2020 Invasive Plant Factsheet: Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus sinensis) Today some 50 forms are sold in the nursery trade, and it is often used in both commercial and residential landscapes. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. & trop. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species, Native Species That Resemble Chinese Silvergrass, Additional Images for Chinese Silvergrass, Learning Resources for Chinese Silvergrass, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land Grant University System, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants of Southern Forests, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. It made its way to our area only about 15 years ago, and has been spreading rapidly ever since. Cut foliage to the ground in late winter before new shoots appear. Miscanthus sinensis Red Chief (Chinese Silver Grass) A bold yet non invasive clump forming grass, the narrow green foliage arches at the leaf tips to produce a neat and tidy fountain-like effect right through the season. zebra grass. Fish and Wildlife Service. Trim back to the ground each spring . Chinese silvergrass is a densely bunched grass that grows up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) tall. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. Common Name: Chinese Silver grass, zebra grass, eulalia grass, Eulalia, Chinese fairy grass . C. Gantz. Unfortunately, it escapes from these plantings and has become invasive in national parks in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. contributors include: Committee Members: Leslie Cameron, Tyler Ormsby, Marilyn Thomson, & Rachel Vecchio It is very showy and vigorous and forms dense mats. A reliable and attractive alternative to more invasive ornamental Grass or dwarf Bamboo. Miscanthus sinensis is a member of the Poaceae or Grass Family. They have twisted bristle tips. This week is National Invasive Species Awareness Week. Chinese silvergrass, Miscanthus sinensis, is a beautiful ornamental grass. United States Land Grant University System – Find your Land Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. Don’t Plant: Chinese Silver Grass. Webmaster: Elena Rodriguez. Here in North America, it escapes cultivation to occupy similar types of places, and, given enough time it can displace native meadow vegetation. Miscanthus Sinensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 4 m (13ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Microstegia vimineum–aka: Japanese Stiltgrass–is an exotic invasive annual grass species. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This invasive grass colonizes by wind dispersed seeds. Fact Sheet – Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants of Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas – National Park Service and U.S. Chinese silvergrass – Images at invasive.org, Miscanthus sinensis Identification Card – U.S. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to 0.8–2 m (3–7 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft), forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Foliage. In its native Japan, it is often the dominant species in grasslands. Since Andersson first described Miscanthus in 1855 more than 80 synonyms have been applied to the genus. Scientific Name: Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. It was likely introduced to the U.S. through packing material from Asia nearly one hundred years ago. (45 cm) long, slender, and upright to arching, with sharp tips and rough margins. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual – Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC), Invasive Plant Atlas of New England – University of Connecticut. Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese silver grass) Question number Question Answer Score 1.01 Is the species highly domesticated? Chinese silvergrass is a densely bunched grass that grows up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) tall and invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. Perfect in a glazed, cobalt-blue Chinese pot set on a porch, steps or pedestal. In recognition of NISAW, DISC will be posting an “Invasive Species of the Day” throughout the week. Click on each photo to see large images and detailed information. Chinese silvergrass escapes from ornamental plantings and can form large clumps along disturbed areas, displacing native vegetation. Chinese Silver grass - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. This large grass forms dense stands, preventing other plants from growing. Heavy mulching helps prevent seed germination and can keep this plant from becoming invasive. Amur silvergrass is an ornamental grass that can spread vegetatively through horizontal stems growing below the soil surface to form dense patches that crowd out other species. Today some 50 forms are sold in the nursery trade, and it is often used in both commercial and residential landscapes. Works well in natural drifts or planted next to boulders and rock waterfalls. Editors: Steven Bell, Margaret Brown, Brigitte Coulton, Kimberly Marsho, Marsha Mercer,  & Christa Watters February 26 through March 2, 2018 is National Invasive Species Awareness Week! This densely-bunched grass was introduced to the United States from Asia for ornamental purposes in the late 1800s. The terminal panicle is fan-shaped, 2 ft. (0.6 m) in length, and silvery to pink. EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. Flowering occurs in late summer. Predicting Invasive Plants in Florida using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture This commonly planted grass is becoming an aggressive, highly invasive weed, especially in the Asheville, NC area. Scientific Name: Miscanthus sinensis. n 0 1.02 Has the species become naturalised where grown? Posted on March 1, 2018 February 25, 2018. It is highly flammable and may become a fire hazard. Native Range: Temp. The leaves are up to 18 in. Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. They have twisted bristle tips. eulalia. It is deer and rabbit resistant but attracts birds. Some cultivars are considered weedy in the southeast. Flowering occurs in late summer. Foliage The leaves are long (up to 18 in. This very large grass is a favorite ornamental. The terminal panicle is fan-shaped, 2 ft. (0.6 m) in length, and silvery to pink. Fruits are rough and about 0.12 to 0.16 in. Purple Japanese Silver grass MISIG: Miscanthus sinensis Andersson var. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to 0.8–2 m tall, rarely 4 m, forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. In its native range, chinese silver grass grows in grasslands affected by fire and volcanic ash. At 15 to 30 feet tall, Flowering Dogwood is attrac, Flowering Dogwood has oval, medium green leaves wi, Master Gardener Organizations in Virginia, Teaching Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Master Gardener Tribute Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Organic Vegetable Garden at Potomac Overlook Regional Park, Educational Videos from Glencarlyn Library Community Garden, Tried & True Native Plants for the Mid-Atlantic, Planting Dates for Arlington and Alexandria, Select On-Line References for Kitchen Gardening, Gardening Basics for Arlington & Alexandria, VA, Community Gardens in Arlington & Alexandria, Between the Rows – A Guide to Vegetable Gardening, Creating Inviting Habitats for the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds, Meet New Arlington County Natural Resources Specialist, Invasive Plant Factsheet: Chinese Silver Grass (, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. Description Appearance. You’ve probably seen Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus sinensis) in landscaping around parking lots or office buildings. Miscanthus sinensis is a tall, up to 12 ft. (3.7 m), densely-bunched grass that invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. Chinese Silvergrass, Zebra Grass: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: A dominant species of tall moist grassland in Japan (Yazaki, Mariko & Koizumi 2004). Useful as a living screen or hedge, bearing soft-pink plumes in the fall. Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus Sinensis) 1. plant family of the grasses (Poaceae) 2. popular species: Chinese silver grass (Miscanthus sinensis) 3. favored cultivars: zebra grass (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Zebrinus’) 4. native to China, Japan and Korea 5. persistent, reed-like ornamental grass 6. plant heights of 80 to 400 cm 7. firmly upright, often widely expansive habitus 8. numerous varieties with to some extent colorful blades 9. panicle-like or feathery flower spikes in autumn 1… If you have not yet had the opportunity to see how invasive this… The Japanese silver grass plant usually produces a feathery whitish gray … Noteworthy Characteristics. Summary 7 Miscanthus sinensis is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Amur silvergrass is a perennial warm season grass that grows 6 – 8 feet tall. MISIP ... Chinese silvergrass. Synonym (s): Chinese silvergrass, eulalia, Chinese plume grass, zebra grass, eulaliagrass. Leaves and Stem (Often listed incorrectly as Miscanthus floridulus) This is a grass of monstrous proportions, forming very tall clumps of green leaves, their tips arching gracefully in layers. Hitchcock recognizes 3 varieties in the United States: Miscanthus sinensis … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. This non-invasive grass is low maintenance, drought tolerant, and deer resistant. It is listed as an invasive species in Alexandria and Arlington, Virginia. Ecology: Chinese Silvergrass invades roadsides, field edges, and disturbed sites. (3 to 4 mm) long. Asia ( GRIN ); Appearance. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1: 178-195. Chinese silvergrass is a densely bunched grass that grows up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) tall and invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. The corn-like stalks turn creamy tan in winter. This Chinese Silver Grass is generally pest and disease free. Propagate by seed sown in pots in a cold frame in spring or by division in spring. Common Name: Chinese Silver grass, zebra grass, eulalia grass, Eulalia, Chinese fairy grass. NISAW 2018: Chinese Silver Grass. Here is an invasive stand along the French Broad River. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. It continues to be a popular ornamental in many areas of the United States as well as being used as a barrier plant along roadsides and agricultural fields. Graphics: Marilyn Thomson Miscanthus sinensis, the maiden silvergrass, is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. The midribs are silvery. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Fruits are rough and about 0.12 to 0.16 in. The leaves are 18–75 cm tall and 0.3–2 cm broad. 2008. Prefers a moist environment and is happy to grow near water. Giant Chinese Silver Grass otherwise known as Miscanthus x giganteus is a very large grass forming tall clumps of green leaves which arch towards the ground. ANNAPOLIS, MD (November 1, 2017) – Tall silver and white and even purple plumes of grass nodding from old fields and road edges may catch your eye as they are tossed by autumn winds. Chinese silvergrass Chinese silver grass eulalia Japanese silver grass zebra grass TAXONOMY: The scientific name of Chinese silvergrass is Miscanthus sinensis Andersson (Poaceae) [24,36,38,50,65,116]. Fourteen species are now recognised (Hodkinson et al., 1997) but interspecific hybridisation is common giving rise to many sterile hybrids.Intergeneric hybridisation also occurs, especially with Sacharum, a close relative. The grass is extremely flammable and increases fire risks of invaded areas. Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. It is a clumping grass that grows up to 12' tall. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. Soft pink plumes appear in the fall and corn like stalks become tan in the winter. Chinese silver grass can tolerate a wide variety of temperature ranges and soil types. Just enter your email address below and click "sign me up" to get notified of new updates to our site via email. Cyperales > Poaceae > Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Subscribe to our website! Chinese silvergrass is native to Asia and was introduced in the United States for ornamental purposes during the late 1800s. gracillimus Hitchc. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), Herring Run Nursery will be focusing each day on one invasive plant and a native alternative. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The distinctive inflorescence of Chinese silver grass. It is in flower from August to September. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), contributors include: Chinese silvergrass, an exotic species, has been found in Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island and has escaped from cultivation into disturbed areas. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass or eulalia grass, is a clump-forming warm season grass that typically grows to 3-7’ tall.It is native to lowlands and lower alpine areas in Japan, Korea and China. Japanese silver grass is an ornamental clumping grass in the genus Miscanthus.There are many cultivars of the attractive plant with most suitable for USDA plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Switchgrass is one of the flowering grasses that grows in hardiness zones 4 through 9 and produces pink flowers from mid to late summer. Synonym(s): eulalia, Chinese plume grass, zebra grass, eulaliagrass, Miscanthus sinensis – USDA PLANTS Profile, Chinese silvergrass – The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. The leaves are up to 18 in. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It has been introduced or has spread throughout the The flowers are purplish, held above the foliage. Maiden Grass s the most common ornamental grass having numerous cultivars and has virtually no disease or pest problems. This easy-to-grow grass grows 3 to 6 feet tall with a 2 to 3-foot spread. In its native range, it inhabits disturbed areas and meadows. [45 cm]), slender, and upright-to-arching with sharp tips and rough margins. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. Miscanthus sinensis is a tall, up to 12 ft. (3.7 m), densely-bunched grass that invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. Fish and Wildlife Service, Miscanthus sinensis Fact Sheet – U.S. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. Chinese Silver Grass — Miscanthus sinensis Andersson. (3 to 4 mm) long. It was introduced to the United States about a century ago as an ornamental and is still widely sold for this purpose. Miscanthus sinensis is a member of the Poaceae or Grass Family. Unfortunately, it escapes from these plantings and has become invasive in national parks in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The midribs are silvery. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. Invasive Species: Miscanthus sinensis, Chinese Silvergrass. 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