Anna and her husband are going to the cafe. The articles of this section are grouped by parts of speech: noun, adjective, pronoun, numeral and verb. Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia The Instrumental case with plural nouns, 050. анимђться: Instrumental with linking verbs and double-object verbs But with some simple tricks you can learn them ALL in around 10 minutes. Russian literary syntax is a combination of a Church Slavonic heritage, a variety of loaned and adopted constructs, and a standardized vernacular foundation. Your email address will not be published. Им – Him. ‘вместе’ is the Russian word for 'together'. However, the instrumental is also associated with the sense of accompaniment in many languages and Russian is one of them. The sixth and final case is the instrumental case. Unfortunately it is hard to learn Russian … We are going to discuss them in the following article. Instrumental Case in Russian Prepositional Case in Russian Adjectives in Russian language Personal Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Russian Genitive words. Course to learn the Russian Case system. Russian Instrumental case applies to the instrument with the help of which an action is performed.. Иван с Анной идут в кафе. (Example: Я был врачом - I was a doctor). In Russian the words that express the presence of the quality of an object are used in the Instrumental case: Девушка с голубыми глазами (The lady with blue eyes). Russian course for beginners. In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. Learn how to decline Russian nouns, adjectives and pronouns in the different grammatical cases. Он у́чится вме́сте с на́ми. One of them is interrogative pronouns. The instrumental case is used after such prepositions as за (behind), между (between), над (over), перед (in front of), под (under), c (with). Instrumental Case (Творительный падеж) Answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem) – with whom/with what. Listen to the audio track and practice all today’s examples. It is recommended to learn a few words every day to quickly grow … Я ем суп ложкой - I eat soup with a spoon. Вами – You (plural) Ими – Them. Им – It. "ручк а " into the Instrumental (Instr.) While most sites prefer to categorize the pronouns according to the person and list them by case, I prefer to accumulate all the pronouns within a case. Have a look at the following Russian examples. Refer to Lesson 14 - Instrumental Case for more detailed information. С ва́ми всё в поря́дке? 2. He studies with us. 3. C. Verbs governing the cases. Basic function. I wanted to start an invaluable list. You may wish to review some of the cases to make sure you can form them. Мы с Иваном идём в школу - Ivan and I are going to school. Below, you can also find grammatical tables and the list of grammar exercises available on our website. Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia. The Uses of the Cases The Prepositional Case The Prepositional Denoting the Place of an Action . The instrumental case is used to illustrate the concepts of 'with' and 'by means of'. You will learn more about this in a later lesson. To make a sentence in the Instrumental case, you should know the formulas as you can see below. Instrumental case is the fifth case of Russian language and consists of 5 rules. The Instrumental Case (Instr.) This may sound vague, but it’s a quite complicated thing, that needs a couple 1000 words to explain correctly. All consonants, … - In front of this school turn to the left. - The lamp is above the table. Here are the Russian pronouns in the instrumental case. To make the Instrumental Case easy to learn, I will divide this lesson into 4 parts: 1) First, you will learn how nouns change in the Instrumental Case; As sentences can be put together in so many ways, cases help distinguish the sentence's subject from its object. The cases are discussed with reference to: A. In English we would use the word “and”, but Russian generally uses “с” (with). - Anna and her husband are going to the cafe. B. Study Russian grammar. By which means?) To indicate the presence of an object at a place, use these prepositions with the prepositional or instrumental cases. If you’re looking for the tables with all the pronouns written down for each case, click below to go to the right section: The following verbs are used commonly used with the instrumental case. In both of these uses, Start the quiz So they commonly have the meaning ‘with me’, ‘with you’, ‘with him’. Prepositions Governing the Instrumental Case: The basic function of the instrumental is to indicate the means by which an action is carried out. Квартира с балконом (An apartment with a balcony). There are nine types of pronouns in Russian language. Russian Prepositions taking the Accusative Case. Many of these prepositions are used in time expressions as well. Here is how they change in the Instrumental: я – мной (I) ты – тобо́й (you singular and informal) он – им / ним (he) она – е́ю / ей / не́й* / не́ю* (she) оно – им / ним* (it) мы – на́ми (we) вы – ва́ми (you plural and formal) have a variety of meanings.Some govern more than one case… Try to use them in sentences, it will help you remember. Russian grammar: Required fields are marked *, Learn Russian Step by Step © Copyright 2011-2020 Learn Russian grammar and vocabulary. They refer to definite but not specific actions and features of objects. Notice that the words 'a', 'to', 'with', etc, are omitted in Russian and instead controlled by grammatical endings. Ты пойдёшь со мной? The instrumental case is also used after the following prepositions. It can also be used to talk about something that you are interested in. While most sites prefer to categorize the pronouns according to the person and list them by case, I prefer to accumulate all the pronouns within a case. On our site, we have covered the most of the basic grammar rules and we keep adding new lessons from time to time. The offline version of this lesson is available here. The Russian word for ‘without’ is ‘без’. Иван пишет карандашом - Ivan writes with a pencil. Под столом сидит кот. One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. Please give me coffee with milk and sugar. For example: The same principal applies to parts of the day: Вечером я ем борщ со сметаной - In the evening I eat borsh with sour cream. In this section, you can find different materials devoted to Russian grammar rules. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. Special constructions. Я люблю кофе с молоком. Dear Жанна, thank you for this intensive review of Russian cases where the idea was to focus on singular and plural aspects of nouns in the different cases. Here is how they change in the Instrumental case: Remember: use the pronouns that start with Н- after prepositions. Перед этой школой поверните налево. Russian Instrumental case - functions, forms, творительный падеж в русском - Duration: 14:17. За+Acc can also mean "for", the antonym of "against (something)".. Под+Acc has three minor uses aside from indicating direction 'under'. Instrumental Case Endings The instrumental is formed from the nominative singular nouns with the help of the following endings: -ом, -ем, -ой, -ей, -ью (singular); -ами, -ями (plural). Compare the following phrases to get the idea. Welcome to the final lesson about Russian cases. So the instrumental case is so called because it denotes the instrument by which some task is carried out, and this is its primary meaning. The Instrumental case with singular nouns, Demonstrative pronouns in the Instrumental, /audio-grammar/049-personal-pronouns-instrumental.mp3. Анна с мужем идут в кафе. 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. The sixth and final case is the instrumental case. In this sentence the noun МОЛОКО (milk) is put in the form of the Instrumental case С МОЛОКОМ (with milk) as it expresses the quality of the object КОФЕ. “с” is normally pronounced as though it is part of the next word. Is everything ok with you? Other possessive pronouns change according to gender, case and number of the noun. We are proud of him. Instrumental Case: Personal Pronouns | Learn Russian in Russia| learning russian language| Russian in Russia. Олег режет мясо ножом - Oleg cuts the meat with a knife. - Ivan and Anna are going to the cafe. Curious how? Instrumental case: the action is done with the noun in the instrumental case. There are several prepositions that follow the instrumental case: c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). English has few cases, favouring grammatical constructions over implicit case endings: compare the sentences, "I like apples" and "apples like me"; the first-person pronoun is 'I' when it's the subject of the verb, but it's 'me' when it's the object of the verb. A Comprehensive Russian Grammar - A great reference on Russian grammar. Pronouns – Instrumental Case: Мной – Me. This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Uses of the Instrumental Case. Russian grammar: Instrumental case, Russian possessive pronouns 7+ In the previous lesson we’ve covered the Russian personal pronouns in the Instrumental case . Russian grammar. Subscribe and receive tips and advices to help you in your studies of different areas of Russian language. 'With', as in 'accompanied with' ('He built it with her') is conveyed by c(o) followed by the instrumental case ('with her' is c + inst.). Ей – Her. Here are a couple of examples from lesson 4: Дайте, пожалуйста, кофе с молоком - Please give me coffee with milk. Наде́юсь, с ней ничего́ не случило́сь. Introduction The Instrumental case is used after the preposition с - "together with". We are going to discuss them in the following article. From this point you will find that you are able to learn grammar more naturally by looking at sample Russian sentences and texts. However, the third person possessives are formally invariable and identical to the genitive form of the third person personal pronouns. Remember that some of these prepositions may have different meanings if they are followed by a different case. I’m not guilty of anything toward you. They are: My and mine: мой - masculine моя́ - feminine моё - neuter мои́ - plural Your and yours (singular and informal): твой - … In the next lessons we will start to introduce more vocabulary and help you improve your sentence forming skills in Russian. Russian grammar employs an Indo-European inflexional structure, with considerable adaptation.. Russian has a highly inflectional morphology, particularly in nominals (nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals). Antonia Romaker - English and Russian … The instrumental case is used to express the concept of “by means of”. - Anna and Ivan are going to the cafe. These pronouns are called possessive. This topic always confuse me, and causes my wonderful grammar helpers to work hard for me So I decided to make it easier for them and for anyone who studies Russian by making a reference chart. All Russian cases are given with questions. There are 186 Russian possessive pronouns.. That’s a LOT to remember. I hope nothing happened to her. Remark: Many prepositions (в, за, на, но, etc.) This may sound vague, but it’s a quite complicated thing, that needs a couple 1000 words to explain correctly. You don't need to learn these verbs now. With what? Instrumental. Today we will have a look at the personal pronouns in the Instrumental case. 3. Instrumental (as an instrument or tool): собой; Prepositional (about himself or herself): (o) себе; In “Case” We Have to Get Personal: How to Use Russian Pronouns. The instrumental case is used to illustrate the concepts of 'with' and 'by means of'. INSTRUMENTAL CASE IN RUSSIAN. Prepositional case: indicates the location of the action. Part of Learn Russian 101 - free websites to learn Russian, Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian online and for free, 048. Чем? It answers the questions - Кем? I have good relations with them. Нами – Us. Анна с Иваном идут в кафе. If you need extra help, each activity has links to grammar tables. The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best course in a book. For example: Я пишу ручкой = I write with a pen. Тобой – You. Declension in Russian is grammatical system which include six cases such as nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and preposition. Grow your Russian vocabulary. Today let's learn how to say in Russian 'my', 'your' and so on. Today we will have a look at the personal pronouns in the Instrumental case. Another interesting language point is how Russians say “Ivan and I”. The instrumental case is used to describe a noun as an instrument. In Russian they depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. In the next lesson we will continue to learn Russian and have a look at other pronouns in the Genitive case. This case shows which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the … - Behind this building there is a school. У меня́ с ни́ми хоро́шие отноше́ния. This lesson concludes the study of the Russian cases. It is used with the following Russian prepositions: с, со - with; за - behind; под - under The word "pen" was transformed from the Nominative (Nom.) Practice the pronouns and all today’s words and phrases with the audio track. RUSSIAN CASES. In English this is normally done using the words “using” or “with”. To indicate an instrument to carry out the action. Here are some examples. The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. Once you have learnt it, you will notice a significant improvement in your Russian. they also decline. Forming the Russian Instrumental Case Masculine Nouns: 1. You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car". In Russian the preposition “с” is also used to indicate when two people accompany each other. However when it is used in the past and future tense with nouns, the following noun is usually in the instrumental case. To increase your knowledge of related changing form of Russian word affected by grammatical system you may visit Colors in Russian Language and Numbers in Russian Language. Я люблю блинчики с икрой - I love pancakes with caviar. If you are finding the Russian grammar difficult, don’t worry, after you learn the past tense you will have learnt most of the basic Russian grammar concepts. D. 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