In February, Mary's husband, Lord Darnley, had been lodging at a house, Kirk o'Field, in the Old Town of Edinburgh, about half a mile from Mary at Holyrood Palace. Lord Darnley was King Regent of Scotland after marrying the young Mary, Queen of Scots. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Duke of Albany (December 7, 1545 – February 10, 1567), styled as Lord Darnley until 1565, was king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Its hospital succumbed to the Burning of Edinburgh in 1544, the kirk building itself to the Reformation, in 1558. A contemporary drawing of the murder scene at Kirk o' Field includes at the top left the infant James VI sitting up in his cot praying: "Judge and avenge my cause, O Lord;" in the centre lie the rubble remains of the house; to the right Darnley and his servant lie dead in the orchard; below, the townspeople of Edinburgh gather round and four soldiers remove a body for burial. FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION ON THE LIFE OF HENRY STUART, LORD DARNLEY, … It comprised a historian, a pathologist, and a fire and explosion expert. “People reviled him for his arrogance, drunkenness and promiscuity” (Knapton 2016). Lord Darnley’s wife, Mary, Queen of Scots, was staying a few hundred yards away at Holyrood House with their son, James. The relationship between Queen Mary Stuart and Lord Darnley. On the night of 9–10 February 1567, his body and that of his valet were discovered in the orchard of Kirk o' Field, in Edinburgh, where they had been staying. Besides, Elizabeth was unlikely to have any children of her own. By all accounts it was to have been a spectacular demise for the 21-year old king, with the house he was staying in (whilst apparently battling syphilis) blown to bits by several sturdy barrels of … that he should be her husband.” (270) Mary was recovering at Craigmillar Castle, and the lords followed her there on November 20, 1566, staying for nearly two weeks before traveling with her to Prince James’ baptism in Stirling. They found her innocent of conspiracy. The partially clothed bodies of Darnley and his servant were found in a nearby orchard, apparently either smothered or strangled but unharmed by the explosion. New York: Grove Press, 2017.Ridgway, Claire. Mary described him as the “lustiest and best proportioned man” she’d ever seen. Although Bothwell was accused of being the lead conspirator in Lord Darnley's murder by Lord Lennox, he was found not guilty in April 1567 by the Privy council of Scotland After his acquittal, Bothwell made his supporters sign a pledge called the Ainslie Tavern Bond. Tensions arose in the marriage soon after the wedding because he wanted Mary to be submissive to him. Some riders at night were mentioned a week later as being a band of men led by Andrew Kerr who were present the night of the murder. A full time college student with a passion for history. After the explosion, Sir William Drury reported to the English Secretary of State William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, that James Balfour had purchased gunpowder worth 60 pounds Scots shortly beforehand. A group of men discovered Lord Darnley and William Taylor slipping away. Murder of Lord Darnley. Fearful of the conspiracy he considered taking ship at Leith. Lord Bothwell : James Hepburn was the 4th Earl of Bothwell and the 3rd husband of Mary, Queen of Scots following the death of her husband, Lord Darnley, and Bothwells divorce from his wife, Lady Jean Gordon. Ken McElroy and the Vigilantes of Skidmore, Missouri, Black Dahlia: Her Brutal Murder is Still Unsolved. These Earls made a denial of their involvement in their lifetime. If the murder was a scheme by Queen Elizabeth or her associates, it only worked in part. The Murder of Lord Darnley at Kirk o' Fields, 1567. Bothwell told him of his plans. During the weeks leading up to his death, Darnley was recovering from a … She feels betrayed by … The most damaging support of conspiracy was a small silver casket in Lord Bothwell’s possession. Mr Dunn asked who, in Dr Kehoe’s view, had the most to gain from Lord Darnley’s death. Henry Stuart , Duke of Albany , styled as Lord Darnley until 1565, was king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Some sources say she was away at a wedding that evening. Murder of Lord Darnley. My Heart Is My Own: the Life of Mary Queen of Scots. Location of death: Edinburgh, Scotland. Crokat was in bed with her twins and heard the explosion. 1531 1531. A son of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley would be a Catholic, male heir to the English throne. Pitcairn, vol.1 part 2 (Edinburgh, 1833), pp. Throughout history, secrets and rumors cast long shadows on the death of Lord Darnley. Barbara Mertine said she was looking out of the window of her house in Friar's Wynd, and heard 13 men go through the Friar Gate into Cowgate and up Friar's Wynd. Having heard about this great loss, the family of this individual is passing through pains, … Adjacent was the lodging of James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault. “Face of Lord Darnley Revealed – Mary Queen of Scots’ ‘Lusty and Well Proportioned’ Husband .” The Telegraph. Georgia Guidestones: Who Paid for It and Why. Mary was distraught over her husband’s death. Darnley entered first, to reassure his heavily pregnant wife, and then Lord Ruthven, in full armour, entered the room informing Mary that Rizzio had offended her honour. However the infant James was not present, nor could he speak the words attributed to him at the time. At first Darnley's household thought he would be accommodated in the Hamilton Lodging. On his death the titles passed to his eldest son, the fourth Earl. 1562 December 1562. Even today, Mary isn’t the most plausible suspect. Breezily confident, charming and warm, he was born with a blood-claim of his own to the English throne and a wildly ambitious mother whose love hinges entirely on his ability to secure a crown. They were possibly a mash-up of her own words combined with fakes. Also, the friction in the marriage and Mary’s contempt of her husband were common knowledge. In early 1567, Lord Darnley had become unwell – perhaps with smallpox - and on the night of 9 February 1567, stayed in the Provost’s lodgings at Kirk o’ Field in Edinburgh. Just better. Pitcairn, vol. She gives only a … AKA Henry Stewart Darnley. The letter itself was heavily edited by William Cecil, however the tone of contempt and disgust is undoubtedly the Queens. Darnley and the group of nobles stormed into the queen’s private chambers where Rizzio and Mary were dining. Darnley's lodgings were destroyed by gunpowder; his body and that of his servant were found nearby, apparently having been strangled rather than killed in the explosion. That's it. When they arrived at the Provost's Lodging, Mary made her servant Servais de Condé provide hangings for the chamber and a new black velvet bed. As friends and families of the deceased are mourning the passing of their loved and cherished Lyn Darnley. Insisting it was for her protection, Bothwell escorted Mary to his home at Dunbar palace. Records of the subsequent trials with statements from the accused and witnesses are an important source of information on the events of February 1567. Seeing his behavior, Mary only granted the title of King Consort to Darnley. Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany, also known as Lord Darnley, was the second husband and cousin of Mary, Queen of Scots. Did Queen Elizabeth Murder Robert Dudley’s Wife? This time the lords seized control of Edinburgh, capturing Mary and Bothwell. [10], On 12 February the Privy Council issued a proclamation that the first to reveal the names of the conspirators and participants in the murder would be pardoned, if they were involved, and have a reward of £2,000. But the 4th Earl of Bothwell was unpopular with the Confederate Lords, having clashed with them during their earlier coup attempt. Lord Darnley served as a Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales, but died unmarried in 1747, aged 31. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. Second, he was politically valuable from the moment of his birth. Herries, after considering the arguments of previous writers, believed that Mary herself was innocent of involvement, and the two Earls arranged her marriage to Bothwell.[24]. Mary had plenty of motive for Lord Darnley’s murder. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, personal life, and timeline. . His ancestors were originally Scottish but betrayed the Scottish crown for the English. The author of the mermaid placard was never identified, and again a copy was sent to England. There was the coup and his assassination of David Rizzio. Op 29 juli 1565 is Henry Stuart gehuwd met zijn nicht koningin Maria I van Schotland.Henry Stuart is de vader van koning Jacobus I van Engeland.. Vroege leven. Then, to confirm the conspiracy for many, she and the 4th Earl of Bothwell married later that year. [23], One longstanding theory is the suggestion that the Earls of Morton and Moray were behind the murder, directing Bothwell's actions, to forward Moray's ambitions. her marriage to Lord Bothwell. Power-hungry and entitled, Darnley resorted to conspiring with the Protestant Confederate Lords, who opposed Mary, Queen of Scots. Age 31. The lands at Kirk o' Field later went on to be granted to the city specifically for the foundation of a new university, Hamilton House incorporated as its first major building. © 2009-2020 Historic Mysteries. There is no shortage of suspects, and the full facts of the murder have never been deduced. Four of his men who were already in prison were tortured on 26 June 1567, being "put in the irnis [irons] and turmentis, for furthering the tryall of the veritie." The Murder of Lord Darnley. Henry Stewart or Stuart, Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 10 February 1567), styled Lord Darnley before 1565, was king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Magnusson, Magnus. This same motto and a similar image of father and son was used on the banner of the rebel Confederate Lords, first displayed at Edinburgh castle,[27] then at the battle of Carberry Hill. Those responsible for killing the King Consort of Scotland remain a mystery to this day. At 8pm on the night of Saturday 9th March 1566, Lord Darnley and a large group of conspirators (around 80 men) made their way through the Palace of Holyroodhouse to the Queen's supper chamber where she was enjoying a meal with Rizzio and some other friends. The Confederate Lords said that their disapproval of the marriage to Bothwell was the cause of their rebellion. On the night of 9–10 February 1567, his body and that of his valet were discovered in the orchard of Kirk o' Field, in Edinburgh, where they had been staying. Interesting history topics are just a click away. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (December 7, 1545 – February 10, 1567) was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. 1 Overview 2 Throughout the Series 3 Quotes 4 Trivia 5 Gallery 5.1 Season Four Lady KeiraandLord Darnleywant to get married. On this day in history, the 10th February 1567, Lord Darnley was murdered at Kirk o' Field, Edinburgh, in the Royal Mile, just a few hundred yards from Holyrood House where his wife, Mary Queen of Scots, and baby son, the future James VI/I, were staying. The potential Margaret Douglas saw in her son was his claim to both the Scottish and English throne. The threat from the north, James VI, son of Mary and Lord Darnley, succeeded Elizabeth on the throne. Most were published in Pitcairn's Ancient Criminal Trials in Scotland and Malcolm Laing's History of Scotland. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. It was when the matter of Lord Darnley's murder was broached that this book fell apart. Mary asked him to leave, saying that any offence committed by Rizzio would be dealt with by the Lords of Parliament, but she was ignored and Ruthven ordered Darnley to hold her. [15] Mary was imprisoned at Lochleven Castle and persuaded to abdicate. Darnley hoped the shock of witnessing the murder would cause Mary, then six-months pregnant, to miscarry. Captain William Blackadder, an associate of Bothwell, was one of the first to be executed on 14 June 1567, although it was said he was only a bystander. He was a suitor for the Queen's hand for many years. The Murder of Lord Darnley at Kirk o' Fields, 1567. Within it was eight unsigned letters, love sonnets, and two marriage contracts, collectively called the Casket Letters. He became Mary’s second husband, a union which could take down Elizabeth, giving the couple not just one nation, but two. [1][3] James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault built a mansion on the site of the hospital in around 1552. It shows the town wall and the open door to the lodging (mentioned in Thomas Nelson's statement) in the background. Cause of death: Murder. First mentioned in 1275, it became a collegiate church before 1511, with a provost, ten prebendaries and two choristers,[2] and was enclosed within the city with the building of the adjacent Flodden Wall in 1513. A Net Inceptions project. Hamilton was also related to the Douglas family, who were no friends of Darnley either. That event in February 1567 began the fall of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the beginning of the end for the Scottish monarchy. It is unclear how the artist drawing the scene the following day knew to include the image of these night riders, if such they are, not known to be present until a week later. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, lay murdered in the orchard at Kirk o’ Field, Edinburgh, wearing only his nightclothes. Darnley's death remains one of the great unsolved historical mysteries, compounded by the controversial Casket letters which were alleged to incriminate Queen Mary in the plot to murder her husband, while Mary's half-brother, James Stewart, Earl of Moray, who became Regent of Scotland after Mary's abdication, is reputed to have signed a bond at Craigmillar Castle with other Lords in December 1566 pledging to dispose of Darnley. Thus the image changes by its inclusion from an eye-witness account, to a propaganda poster, as an allegory. [19], William Powrie had made a statement in June, which describes how he and his companions carried the powder to the King's Lodging. Groomed for the crown since childhood by his devious mother, the reviled Lord Darnley was no stranger to intrigue. Lyn Darnley Death – Dead: A great loss was made known to InsideEko. [21] George Buchanan argued in his History of Scotland published in 1582, that this substitution for the new bed proved Mary's involvement in the murder. Sir Alan Stuart of Darnley succeeded to the title of 2nd Seigneur d'Aubigny, in Berry [France, 1423] on 12 February 1428/29, although this is not certain, as he was not present in France until 1435, and was not described in 1437 as Seigneur d'Aubigny.1 He lived at Darnley, Scotland.2. Crokat grabbed at one man and asked about the explosion, receiving no answer. The house was owned by Robert Balfour, whose brother Sir James Balfour was a prominent councillor of Queen Mary. Mary and Lord Darnley were first cousins, and both had strong claims to the English and Scottish thrones. You May Also Like: The Secret Prince John Charles Francis. The diabolical death of Henry, Lord Darnley. Lord Darnley's chamber servant Thomas Nelson mentioned how the queen and Margaret Beaton, Lady Reres would play and sing in the garden at night time. Mysterious Death of Henry Stuart – Lord Darnley The mysterious death of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley has perplexed Scottish history researchers till date. To install click the Add extension button. Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, KG, PC (24 June 1532 – 4 September 1588) was an English statesman and the favourite of Elizabeth I from her accession until his death. “Margaret Douglas: The Other Tudor Princess.” The History Press. From his marriage in 1565, he was king consort of Scotland. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl. But why his life, and his death were so important, and the impact that he had in death and living on both Scotland and England add up to much more than the character of this rather unpleasant man might suggest. [9] Melville said that the royal servant Alexander Durham (of Duntarvie) kept the body and stopped him seeing it. Darnley stayed at Kirk o' Field while Mary, Queen of Scots attended the wedding of Bastian Pagez, one of her closest servants, at Holyrood. Lord Darnley’s bizarre death was interpreted as evidence of a plot to kill him, and suspicion soon turned toward Mary herself. There was danger ahead. Birth of John. Darnley was murdered eight months after Prince James's birth. Much like the late, great Francis, Darnley has a “wildly ambitious mother whose love hinges entirely on his ability to secure a crown,” though his own ambition should not be underestimated. (Kennedy 2015). Race or Ethnicity: White. Robert Balfour, the owner, gave Nelson the keys, except those of the door in the cellar which exited south through the town wall. After Darnley’s murder, Bothwell decided to marry Mary himself, kidnapping and raping her when she refused him. 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